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Understanding And Managing Menopause

We've compiled the basics you need to know about menopause. 


Let’s get one thing straight: whatever you’re feeling and however much or little menopause research you’ve done to date, you most certainly are not alone. There could be as many as 13 million women in the UK in either the first (perimenopause) or last (post-menopause) stage. Whatever your menopause story, rest assured we’re here to give you plenty of advice and support to help make your own menopause experience manageable.


So, what is menopause?

As surprising or unwelcome as it might be, menopause is a natural part of a woman’s ageing process, with its effects predominantly impacting those aged 45 to 55. Sometimes it can be earlier, sometimes later. Menopause marks the end of the menstrual cycle, when your ovaries gradually stop producing eggs and as a result, release less oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone.

The resulting effects and symptoms of menopause depend, to a certain extent, on a few factors; genetics, whether you have a healthy lifestyle, underlying medical conditions, surgery or treatments.

There are three phases involved in the whole process:

  • Perimenopause
  • Menopause
  • Post-Menopause

Symptoms of menopause

OK, so it’s not all fun and games but it’s completely natural to experience some of the following:

Emotional menopause symptoms

  • Lack of memory and concentration
  • Feeling tired, depressed, and irritable
  • Experiencing mood swings
  • Less interested in sex

Physical menopause symptoms

  • Hot flushes, sweats, and chills
  • Headaches, weight gain, palpitations
  • Muscle or joint pain
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Thinning hair
  • Vaginal dryness and discomfort during sex as the walls of the urethra and vagina become thin
  • A change in the appearance of your inner and outer labia
  • An increased chance of vaginal and urinary infection
  • A more urgent and frequent need to pass urine or urinary incontinence
  • A tendency to leak when sneezing or coughing

Remember, if you’re finding it hard to cope with menopause symptoms, do contact your doctor straight away, even if it just puts your mind at ease.


What to expect when experiencing menopause

As we’ve mentioned, the menopause process occurs in phases. The preamble to menopause is referred to as ‘peri-menopausal’ or ‘menopause transition’ and generally happens gradually. Periods become less frequent, with longer intervals between, until they stop altogether. For some women, their periods stop suddenly.

But it’s the resulting drop in the hormones oestrogen, progesterone, and testosterone that can play havoc with you emotionally and physically, sometimes up to 10 years before you reach menopause.

Once you’ve had 12 months period free, you’ve reached menopause and would now be classed as ‘post-menopausal’. So, when people refer to ‘being menopausal’ they’re more often than not referring to the symptoms experienced in the ‘peri-menopause’ phase, but ‘being peri-menopausal doesn’t quite run off the tongue as nicely!

As your ovaries stop releasing hormones, your oestrogen and progesterone levels drop, in turn causing you all sorts of emotional and physical turbulence. If we put it into perspective, because there are oestrogen and progesterone receptors in nearly every organ and tissue in your body, it’s only natural that many parts of your body will be affected. While the changes are completely normal, the effects of menopause are no less impactful.

Loss of oestrogen affects the brain and can cause memory fog, anxiety, sleeplessness, social phobia, a loss in motivation and emotional upheaval as well as physical effects like lethargy, hot flushes, vaginal dryness, and a resulting reduced sex drive. So, it’s safe to expect you may feel a little out of sorts while going through the motions.

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