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You’re not just moody.
Thanks to a dearth of pop-culture references and a generally apathetic attitude towards premenstrual mental health, PMS (premenstrual syndrome) has been reduced to the butt of too many moody-women-on-their-periods jokes.
This has only made it more challenging for people to seek medical treatment for serious premenstrual symptoms, as it’s difficult to take yourself seriously (and get to a doctor) when you’re belittled for experiencing PMS in the first place.
Myth 1. PMS is Just in Your Head
PMS, or premenstrual syndrome, is actually a host of physical and emotional symptoms that occur before the onset of menstruation (hence the ‘pre’). These can include tender or sore breasts, bloating, fatigue, irritability and sadness. For some people, these occur two weeks before their period, while others experience PMS symptoms closer to a week, or a couple days before they bleed.
Myth 2. Mood Swings Don’t Happen if You Don’t Menstruate
Premenstrual symptoms are different for everybody. While one person might experience rapid mood changes, someone else might get a bloated tummy. Because this happens when you menstruate, logic follows that if you don’t get periods, you shouldn’t get mood swings or other premenstrual symptoms. However, the opposite can be true: if you have been diagnosed with amenorrhea, the medical term for absent periods, you might still experience mood swings and feel enormous physical discomfort, even if these symptoms aren’t isolated to the menstrual phase of your menstrual cycle.
Myth 3. PMS is No Big Deal
While hormones can make you react differently to or even feel more strongly about certain things when you’re on your period, reducing PMS to a mere mood swing can delegitimize the reality of feeling more irritable or upset. Your anger, sadness, irritability or grumpiness may be caused by your period, but that doesn’t make these premenstrual symptoms any less real. And yes, that means there is absolutely zero need to fight the urge to curl up on your couch and cry to something soppy on Netflix next time you’re PMSing.
Myth 4. Premenstrual Syndrome Can’t Impact your Mental Health
Tell that to my tears (or my hanger, or my simmering silence). Your menstrual cycle can impact your mental health, whether or not you have underlying mental health conditions. Blame it on hormones if you want to, but many people report feeling lower moods, sadness or increased aggression and anger before they start their period.
Myth 5. PMS Only Happens When You Menstruate
PMS actually happens before you menstruate, which is why many people who have PMS-related depression or PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder) experience a cessation in their symptoms as they start to bleed. That your period can make you feel better may sound counterintuitive, but plenty of people who experience intense PMS find that they feel a lot happier while they menstruate (as opposed to the flames PMS shows them before).
Myth 6. PMDD isn’t a Real Condition
What is interesting about premenstrual dysphoric disorder is that it is considered to be an endocrine disorder. Its constellation of mental, emotional and physical symptoms are brought on during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, and dissipate soon after menstruation. So, rather than being a case of the blues, it’s an actual physiological reaction to the oestrogen and progesterone released during the menstrual cycle, which can present as any number of symptoms (which we go into a little lower down). Like any mental health condition that is listed in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), a diagnostic tool that mental health practitioners use in psychiatric diagnoses, PMDD (and its mental health component) is a legitimate health condition, and should be treated as such.
PMDD is characterised by the following:
You may experience PMDD symptoms like depression and anxiety in the luteal phase of your menstrual cycle, and notice a cessation in these symptoms when you start your period. The presentation of symptoms during certain times of your cycle is what sets PMDD apart from other mental health conditions, such as clinical depression. If you suspect that you may have PMDD, or find that your pms is worsening to the point of interfering in your daily life, please consider chatting to a doctor.
Myth 7. PMDD is Just Super Bad PMS
The onset of PMDD symptoms may align with the luteal phase of your period, but that doesn’t minimise the impact of these symptoms on your overall health and wellbeing. If you find that changing moods, menstrual-related depression or anxiety becomes unmanageable over the course of your period, it’s really important that you speak to your doctor. The same goes for If you find that you’re more anxious than usual, suffering from panic attacks or having depressive or suicidal thoughts during your period. Please know that no person deserves to feel any sort of pain, anguish or sadness, whether it’s caused by your period or not.
Myth 8. PMDD is Not Treatable
Er, *buzz*, wrong! PMDD is a treatable condition. Although it may seem daunting at first, you really need to seek medical attention for symptoms of PMDD. Whether your condition requires medication, hormonal treatment or lifestyle changes, or a combination of all three, is up to you and your doctor. Bear in mind that this is a recognised condition and there is help available for you.
Myth 9. PMS Can’t Make Depression Worse
We really wish this one wasn’t true. If you have pre-existing mental health conditions like anxiety, OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder) or depression, it is highly possible that your symptoms intensify over the course of your period. Many people report feeling a definite reduction in their ability to concentrate before and while they’re menstruating (phew, it’s not just us). It’s also possible that if you experience irregular bleeding, menorrhagia (heavy bleeding) or dysmenorrhoea (painful periods), you may struggle with additional fatigue, insomnia and anxiety.
Concerned about your mental health, or that of a friend’s? Suspect you have PMDD? Here are details for people seeking more information and help with their mental health.
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